The Hawai'i Scientific Drilling Project (HSDP) has completed its first phase of core drilling into the Mauna Kea Volcano at a depth of 3,109 m in September 1999. These are the deepest core samples obtained from any Hawai'ian volcano and the suite of rock samples recovered may be the longest continuous stratigraphic record from any ocean island volcano.
The primary scientific objective of the HSDP is to gain a better understanding of the geochemical and geophysical processes within mantle plumes forming "midplate" volcanoes such as Hawai'i, the Galapagos, and the Yellowstone volcanic system.
Keywords: North America, USA, Hawai'i, Mauna Kea, Alteration, Basalts, Cooling History, Deep Biosphere, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Isotopes, Major Elements, Mantle Plume, Metamorphism, Microorganism, Noble Gases, Paleointensity, Periodicity, Petrology, Plate Tectonics, Recycling, Submarine Basaltic Glass, Thermal Regimes, Volcanic Systems, Zeolites
7 December 2006 - 2 February 2007
1 November 2004 - 27 February 2005
27 April - 14 June 2003
4 April - 6 June 2000
13 March - 23 September 1999