Reservoir Triggered Earthquakes at Koyna, India

Scientific Deep Drilling

The Koyna Dam located close to the west coast of India is the most outstanding example of Reservoir Triggered Seismicity RTS, where triggered earthquakes have been occurring in a restricted area of 20x30 sq km since the impoundment of Shivajisagar Lake in 1962. These include the largest triggered earthquake of M~6.3 on Dec 10 1967, 22 earthquakes of M>5, about 200 earthquakes of M~4, and several thousand smaller earthquakes since 1962. The earthquake frequency increases every year following the monsoon rains in the months of June and July; almost every year one or more M~4 earthquakes occur. There is no other source of seismic activity within 50 km of the Koyna Dam.

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